Urbanization, refugees and irregular migrants in Iran is a research project designed to study the intertwining of urbanization, rural development, migration and immigration processes in the Islamic Republic of Iran (later, Iran). The specific focus is on people who originate from Afghanistan and are currently in Iran. There are more than 3 million Afghans, including registered refugees, Afghan passport holders with Iranian visas and undocumented migrants in Iran (UNHCR 2017b). This research project utilizes information from earlier studies regarding refugees and urbanization in Iran and also uses empirical field material that was collected in Iran in October 2017.
The research was conducted in cooperation with the University of Turku (Finland) and Shahid Beheshti University (Iran). The main responsible researchers were Professor Jussi S. Jauhiainen (Finland) and PhD candidate Davood Eyvazlu (Iran). In addition, research assistants were used in the collection and analysis of the material.
To conduct the research in Iran, the important support from the Ministry of Interior of Iran is acknowledged as well as the financial support from the Strategic Research Council at the Academy of Finland (research consortium URMI).
We are grateful to all people who responded to our survey and let us interview them.
This research report illustrates briefly the general background of the project, key findings from the survey and suggestions. However, we will continue with the more detailed analysis.